Periodontitis is an acute gum infection that damages the soft tissue and, if untreated, can destroy the bones that support your teeth. This occurs when the immune system reacts to bacteria and plaque build-up around the tooth. Hence, untreated periodontitis will eventually result in tooth loss, increase the risk of a heart attack, and other health issues.
According to recent statistics, half of Americans aged above 30 have periodontitis. Moreover, gum diseases have become prevalent in other developed countries and affect about 20-50% of the global population. The high frequency of such diseases in adolescents, adults, and older individuals makes it a public health concern.
There are three types of periodontitis:
Chronic: Most people have chronic periodontitis, meaning it persists for an extended period of time. Fortunately, it can be treated and fixed.
Aggressive: Aggressive periodontitis usually starts in childhood or early adulthood. Although this disease is uncommon, it is very rapid and requires immediate action to prevent bone and tooth loss.
Necrotizing: This periodontal disease is an acute condition where the gum tissue dies and you get a severe infection. Necrotizing periodontitis often occurs in people with compromised immune systems.
Is It Possible To Reverse Periodontal Disease?
While the key to reversing gum disease is removing tartar present on both the root of your teeth and under your gum line, periodontitis cannot be reversed, only slowed down. However, gingivitis, a non-destructive type of gum disease, can be reversed if caught in its early stages and does not advance to the periodontitis stage.
Following are some ways to reverse gingivitis:
Practice good oral hygiene
Always make sure that you brush your teeth thoroughly at least twice a day. Also, floss after eating or use dental picks as they can remove bits of food and stimulate your gums to make them healthier.
Schedule regular dental visits
Regularly visiting your dentist will be helpful as they check for cavities and other issues as well as get rid of tartar that a regular toothbrush cannot remove.
Quit smoking or chewing tobacco
Tobacco can irritate your gums, which can increase the symptoms of periodontitis. Quitting chewing tobacco and smoking can lead to a healthier lifestyle.
Continuous intake of sugary food items can worsen gum infection. Cutting down on sugar can help in reducing the chances of gingivitis getting worse.
Laser dentistry is a minimally invasive procedure. It can preserve your gum tissue and help build back your bone by stimulating the stem cells there. It can efficiently kill the infected tissue and bacteria in it.
If you are suffering from such gum diseases, please visit Urbandale Smiles. We offer effective treatment for periodontal problems and other similar issues.
Frequently Asked Questions about Gum Disease
Q. Is gum disease contagious?
- Recent studies have shown that periodontal disease is caused by an inflammatory reaction to bacteria under the gums. Therefore, it is not contagious through most means other than saliva.
Q. What are the symptoms of gum disease?
- Gum disease symptoms include persistent bad breath, red or swollen gums, tender or bleeding gums, pain while chewing, loose teeth, sensitive teeth, and receding gums or longer appearing teeth.
Q. What are the options for periodontal disease treatment?
- Treatment options for gum disease treatment include flap surgery, soft tissue grafts, bone grafting, guided tissue regeneration, and tissue-stimulating proteins. If the condition is detected in its early stages, then natural methods like rinsing with mouthwash, flossing, etc. can also help.