Incorrect brushing and flossing habits can cause dental tartar to form, which eventually leads to tooth decay and cavities. You should maintain a good oral routine to prevent tartar buildup.
Read more to understand the causes, prevention, and treatment options for it.
What Is Dental Tartar?
Dental tartar, otherwise known as dental calculus, is a yellow or brown colored buildup that forms above and below the gum line when dental plaque hardens on the teeth. It is porous and rough and can lead to gum diseases and receding gums. It should be removed with specialized tools at the dental office.
What Causes Tartar on Teeth?
Dental plaque contains bacteria that can produce acids. Over time, these acids damage your tooth enamel and gums. If the plaque on the teeth is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can cause tartar. The plaque biofilm is hardened by the accumulation of minerals from your saliva, which results in tartar buildup.
Dental plaque leads to tartar, so you should make sure to maintain good oral hygiene to get rid of plaque.
How to Prevent Tartar on Teeth?
You can follow these steps to prevent tartar buildup:
- Brush your teeth twice a day with anti-plaque fluoride toothpaste and an electronic toothbrush.
- Make sure to replace the head of the electric toothbrush every three months.
- Visit your dentist regularly for teeth cleaning and routine checkups.
- Floss once a day to remove bacteria and food particles that stick on and between the teeth.
- Use an antiseptic mouth wash to destroy bacteria that cause gum disease and plaque.
- Avoid smoking to prevent the risk of increased plaque and tartar.
- Avoid eating foods that are sugary and contain carbohydrates.
- Drink more water during and after meals.
How to Get Rid of Tartar on Teeth?
The treatment options can vary from person to person depending on their unique condition and the degree of tartar formed on the teeth. Your dentist may suggest antibiotic treatments to treat tartar or to eliminate the bacteria that lead to tartar buildup. Additionally, they may prescribe toothpaste that reduces plaque and tartar buildup.
Other treatment options include:
At your regular dental checkup, your dentist will remove the plaque that appears below and above the gum line to prevent tartar buildup. You can minimize the signs of gum disease by undergoing professional dental cleaning more than twice a year.
Scaling and Root Planing
This is just a deep cleaning. Local anesthesia is used during the procedure. It is usually performed to remove bacteria and plaque below the gums to prevent tartar buildup.